The students should prepare a research paper and it should be
available along with the project journal and other necessary tools to
present your project on their display table. A good research paper has
the following sections;
a. Cover Page This page includes title of the project and name of the researcher.
b. Table of Contents The second page of your report is the table of contents. It should contain a list of everything in the report that follows the contents page.
c. Abstract The
abstract is a brief overview of the project. It should not be more than
1 page and should include the project title, a statement of the
purpose, a hypothesis, a brief description of the procedure, and the
results. A copy of the abstract must be submitted to the officials
during registration. See abstract form. Also, it is a good idea to
have copies available for judges at your display. This gives judges
something to refer to when making final decisions.
d. Introduction The introduction is a statement of your purpose, along with background information that led you to make this study. It should contain a brief statement of your hypothesis based on your research. In other words, it should state whatinformation or knowledge you had that led you to hypothesize the answer to the project’s problem question. Make references to information or experiences that led you to choose the project’spurpose.
e. Materials and Methods You
should describe all details of your procedures that you used to collect
data, and make observations. Procedures should include a list of the
materials used and the amount of each and the procedural steps are in
order. Your written methods should be detailed enough so that someone
would be able to repeat the experiment from the information in your
paper. You can also include detailed photographs or drawings. f. Results It
should include all measurements and observations that you took during
each experiment and analysis of collected data. Graphs, tables, and
charts created from your data should be labeled. If there is a large
amount of data, you may choose to put most of it in an appendix, which
can be placed in a separate binder or notebook. If you do separate the
material, a summary of the data should be placed in the data section of
g. Discussion In this section
you will discuss what your data shows; it is not the conclusion. You
should compare your results with published data, commonly held beliefs,
and/or expected results. Your discussion should include possible errors.
Also, discuss what you would do differently to improve this project in
the future and what other experiments should be conducted?
h. Conclusion The
conclusion summarizes, in about one page or less, what you discovered
based on your experimental results. The conclusion states the hypothesis
and indicates whether the data supports it. The conclusion can also
include a brief description of plans for exploring ideas for future
experiments. Also, it contains practical applications of the project.
i. Acknowledgments Even
though technically your project is to be your work alone, it is OK to
have some help. The acknowledgment is not a list of names, but a short
paragraph stating the names of the people and institutions and how they
j. References/Bibliography A
bibliography is a listing of the resources and references used during
the research of your project. It should include information about the
magazines and books you used. That information is organized so that
interested readers could seek out and find the books and articles you
refer to.In the case of a book, you must supply the title of the book,
its author, publishing company, the city where the publishing company is
located, and the date the book was published.For a magazine article you
must supply the title of the article, the author, the magazine it
appeared in, the date of the magazine issue, the volume of the magazine,
and the pages the article appeared on.